Backside Illuminated Sensor

Newest bonding technology for highly sensitive photo detectors

Backside Illuminated sensors  are characterized by their increased image quality and therefore essential in entertainment electronics and in smartphones. With the introduction of the wafer-to-wafer (W2W) process Fraunhofer IMS reaches a new technology level that enables the production of high-quality BSI sensors. First photodetectors and the corresponding read out circuits are separately manufactured on 8’’ wafers. Next, both wafers are connected in a permanent way. This creates especially compact setups with the shortest electrical connections.

This heterointegration is applied in particular in the production of high-quality 3D environmental sensors with SPADs (Single Photon Avalanche Diodes). The highly sensitive photodiodes allow for high temporal resolution for the detection of object distances and are therefore in use in LiDAR sensor systems for autonomous driving. With Backside Illuminated Sensors technology 2D SPAD matrices can be generated that exhibit very high fill factors of up to 70%. This creates enormous advantages in the use of the detectors as LiDAR sensors in traffic.

At Fraunhofer IMS the complete process chain for the manufacture of the sensors is available. Engineers with long process experience in CMOS and/or MEMS process are complemented by their colleagues from integrated circuit packaging, circuit design and test. The cooperation of all areas in one location is a unique selling point of Fraunhofer IMS.

The independent production of read out circuits and photodetectors allows for an optimal selection of processes and wafer material with regard to sensor requirements. Readout circuits on 8’’ wafers from the in-house CMOS line or from external semiconductor manufacturers can be integrated with the photodetectors. Fraunhofer IMS uses their in-house 0.35 µm OPTO process and can rely on 30 years of CMOS experience.

Contact us and look into the world of Backside Illuminated sensors from Fraunhofer IMS!

Our technologies - Innovations for your products

Single Photon Avalanche Diode (SPAD)

With single-photon avalanche diodes, direct time-of-flight (ToF) measurements for distance calculation are possible.

Silizium Photomultiplier (SiPM)

Fraunhofer IMS develops and manufactures both analog and digital silicon photomultipliers (SiPM) for the detection of photons in various applications (e.g. PET).

CMOS Charge Coupled Devices (CCDs)

Fraunhofer IMS develops customized CMOS-CCD structures and sensors with extremely high dynamic range for TDI applications.

Highly sensitive image sensors

Fraunhofer IMS realizes further special photosensitive devices like pinned photodiode, high resolution sensors for indirect time-of-flight and line sensors with high sensitivity.

Our technology areas - Our technologies for your development

MEMS Technologies

Low temperature processes for post-CMOS integration of MEMS sensors or actuators.


Biofunctional Sensors

Tools for medical diagnostics.

Specialized technologies

The Fraunhofer IMS also offers special technologies e.g. high-temperature technology.


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